Brownfield design landscape architecture



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Brownfield design landscape architecture

Brownfield design landscape architecture (also known as brownfield design, brownfield design practices, brownfield design, brownfield design-landscape, brownfield design-landscape architecture, and landscape design), is a land-use and design discipline that addresses the site and design challenges of post-industrial, ex-industrial, and under-used land and buildings, in urban and suburban areas.

In urban environments, brownfield design, also called brownfield reuse, is the design of underused and underutilized land to make it highly productive, while in suburban areas, brownfield design is the redevelopment of ex-industrial land in a form that is compatible with existing communities. The term design is used rather than redevelopment because it is often the case that brownfield redevelopment is designed in tandem with the design of the new or renovated residential, retail, hotel, office, or other commercial use.

When used as an appropriate design technique, brownfield design landscape architecture produces sustainable and efficient outcomes that improve the quality of life for people, and provide benefits to the economy. Through research, collaboration, and community dialogue, brownfield design creates unique local development patterns that are compatible with the existing urban and suburban communities and can generate new sources of revenue.

Through its research and publications, the profession of brownfield design is evolving to embrace interdisciplinary planning and design, and to embrace design as a tool to create sustainable, livable, and productive communities.

Terminology

The design and use of brownfield land has evolved from an interdisciplinary practice to become a formal discipline, and the term brownfield landscape architecture (BFA) has become the de facto professional designation for many in the design, planning, and administration of brownfield sites. The term design is used rather than redevelopment because it is often the case that brownfield redevelopment is designed in tandem with the design of the new or renovated residential, retail, hotel, office, or other commercial use. Brownfield design landscape architecture has been the primary discipline for the planning and design of

residential, commercial, mixed-use and institutional sites throughout the country, though the scope of land use and land reuse has been extended to include all forms of land use and land reuse, and all types of projects.

The term "brownfield" originates from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Brownfields, which is charged with cleaning up abandoned industrial sites and other "brownfield" sites, and thus the term is most widely known. "Landscape" in the terminology of landscape architecture refers to the total site, whereas a "brownfield" site is only a portion of a site that has been contaminated.

The "delineation" of "brownfield" sites means that the site has been rezoned for other development, or is protected for other development, or is otherwise subject to regulations limiting certain uses. A project that is situated on contaminated land, in and of itself, is not necessarily a "brownfield" project. Brownfield design deals with the overall planning, design, and management of brownfield and contaminated sites.

Overview

Landscape architecture's origins are in the work of Frederick Law Olmsted, who first articulated the concept of landscape architecture in The Forest and Forest Life.In the modern sense, landscape architecture is about understanding the place in which a design is developed, and how that place relates to and interacts with its surroundings. It also deals with sustainable development, site selection, planning, and administration. Site selection is an aspect of land-use planning in the design of new construction or redevelopment of existing buildings. Landscape architecture also deals with the public realm that extends from buildings to the surrounding natural environment. Public realm includes roads, sidewalks, trails, watercourses, rivers, and other forms of streets and plazas. Landscape architecture includes the design and development of sustainable natural and urban environments in close collaboration with the built, natural, and social sciences and public policy.

The field of landscape architecture comprises a variety of disciplines.

Landscape architects design landscapes and public spaces, including private gardens, public parks, and waterfront areas.

Landscape planners prepare plans for the development of cities and regions.

Landscape architects are responsible for the integration of built environments with the natural environments. Landscape architects work in close collaboration with landscape engineers and planners to develop high-quality urban and rural environments that promote health, wellness, and economic development.

Landscape architects assist with the restoration of damaged land and develop sustainable development in urban areas.

In New York City, landscape architects are subject to the same licensure and disciplinary requirements as the two other types of New York City architectural professions: architects and engineers. This is not the case in Chicago, where landscape architects are licensed, but the practice of landscape architecture is not recognized as a recognized profession.

Many graduate programs are offered by professional schools and colleges to prepare students for the position.Landscape architecture students typically have to attend graduate school for three to four years, often combined with work experience, after which they will be eligible to take the licensing exam. There are a large number of accredited institutions offering programs in landscape architecture in the United States, including Cornell University, University of California, Davis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Cornell University, Kansas State University, University of Washington, Yale University, and the University of New Mexico.

The National Society of Landscape Architects (NSLA) is a professional association of landscape architects.

Ranks of landscape architects

A profession of landscape architects is the only profession in the United States, among many other countries in the world, which does not specify who is allowed to call themselves a landscape architect, although the NSLA requires members to have a minimum of an accredited bachelor's degree in landscape architecture. While most countries require registration with their national professional body to call oneself a professional landscape architect, US states are less strict, and there are no legal requirements to a professional landscape architect.

In the US, landscape architecture is only considered a profession in specific states. Some of these states are: California, Illinois, Massachusetts, New York, Texas, and Washington. All states require some form of license, or registration, with their professional governing body, but the practice is not recognized as a profession in any other state. The NSLA is the governing body that sets the standards for landscape architects in the United States.A profession in this case is defined as "the right of a person to engage in a particular occupation for the purpose of livelihood or gain without being subject to any undue restrictions or conditions, including but not limited to the right to form a business or profession." Since it is a profession, each state would have its own governing body that would oversee the training and licensing of professionals and practitioners. There is no requirement for landscape architects to have any type of degree. In Illinois and Texas for example, registration is done online for a cost of around $350. This online registration must be done within 10 years of passing a national exam. The NSLA's exam has three separate components: knowledge of the fundamentals of land, water, and light and their interrelationships, the principles of planning and design, and the ethics and competency of the profession. The state license is renewable for one year, and then for an additional year if the professional is active in the state. Registration, however, is only for one year and has no effect if the professional is not working. There are also more states that are considered landscape architecture "recognized states" which also offer a professional license to practitioners, such as Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Oregon. The NSLA has its own professional body that provides an accreditation to schools of landscape architecture and design. The



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